Designer drugs are synthetic substances obtained by slightly changing the chemical structure of an already known drug. Such a substance retains the ability to affect receptors, and will continue to have a narcotic effect, but prietom some time will not be prohibited by law.
In other words, a chemist can slightly change the heroin molecule and get a new drug with the same properties. And to pursue the spread of this new compounds by law will be impossible. Moreover, they can be considered conditionally legal until they are transferred to the category of illicit drugs. Currently, the authorities monitoring drug trafficking very quickly resolve these issues, and the drug which was conditionally legal yesterday may become illegal.Such for example in its time were:
Mephedrone 4-MMC (4-methylmethcathinone) (C11H15NO) is a chemical compound of the class of substituted amphetamines and cathinones, a psychostimulant and an empathogen causing euphoria. Widespread the spread of mephedrone began in 2008.
Methylone methylone (bk-MDMA) (C11H13NO3) is a synthetic compound of the amphetamine class. It has psychoactive and empathogen effect, similar to MDMA. Methylone was invented by the American chemists pharmacologists by Peyton Jacob and Alexander Shulgin in 1996.
Butylone (bk-MBDB) (C12H15NO3) is a psychedelic stimulant - empathogen. The bull was synthesized in 1967, but remained secret until 2005.
Methoxetamine (MXE, 3-MeO-2-Oxo - PCE) (C15H21NO2) is a dissociative of the arylcyclohexylamine class, a more potent (two to three times) analogue of ketamine.
2,5 dimethoxy-4-iodophenethylamine (2C-I) (C10H14INO2) is a psychedelic drug of the family of phenylethylamines. Opened and popularized by Alexander Shulgin and described in his book PiHKAL.
2C-T (or 4-methylthio-2,5-DMPEA )(C11H17NO2S) is a psychedelic and hallucinogenic drug of the 2C family. Is entheogen.
Ethcathinone Ethcathinone ETH-CAT (C11H15NO) - derived drug from the cathinone.
Flefedron 4-fluoromethcathinone (4 - FMC) (C10H12FNO) is a Central nervous system stimulant of the phenethylamine, amphetamine, and cathinone class. Flefedron began to be sold as Medicines in 2008, along with its structural isomer 3-Fluoromethcathinone (3-FMC). In many countries, it has been classified as a drug since 2008.
Methylenedioxypyrovalerone methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) (C16H21NO3) - synthetic psychostimulant with pronounced psychedelic effects, the strength of stimulation exceeds methylphenidate four times. The first mention appeared in 2000.
3,4 - Methylenedioxyphentermine (MDPH) - little-known empathogen and psychedelic, was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin.
5,6-Methylenedioxy-2 - aminoindane (MDAI) (C10H11NO2) is an entactogen from the indane class developed by David E. Nichols in the early 90's. MDAI acts as a selective antagonist of the serotonin receptor
Buphedrone (MABP) (C11H15NO) is an empathogen.
Methedrone 4-methoxymethcathinone (bk-PMMA) (C11H15NO2) is a chemical compound of the class of amphetamines. Drug, rebuffed the spread of in 2009 Causes euphoria.
1-methyl-4-benzylpiperazine (MBZP) (C12H18N2) is a stimulant derived from benzylpiperazine.
5-MeO-DALT (N,N-diallyl-5 - methoxytryptamine) (C17H22N2O) is a psychedelic tryptamine first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin.
5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine, (5-MeO-DiPT) C17H26N2O, psychedelic tryptamine, the street name is foxy Il-methoxy.
jwh-018 (C24H23NO) is a chemical compound belonging to the indole family (aminoalkyl). It was first synthesized in 1995 by American chemist John Huffman. It is one of the active components of the spice. Also this class includes JWH-081,JWH-098, JWH-164, JWH-198, JWH-210
And this list will never end. Only in 2010, 40 new designer drugs appeared in the uncontrolled circulation to the authorities and laws. And in pharmacies - about 2,000 types of new drugs, some of which have a direct or side effect.
Many designer drugs on an industrial scale are produced in factories in China, where they are distributed by order from the Internet around the world as conditionally legal designer drugs. They are presented as "spices" and "bath salts", but competent people know what substances with narcotic effect are meant. Although closing that very quickly they become outside of law.
Converted drugs reduce the risk of selling them, but not using them. Not so long ago in California underground chemical laboratory began to produce converted heroin, the so-called MRRR. Due to improper manufacturing techniques, instead of heroin MRRR turned toxic substance MFMR. It became clear after several young drug addicts ended up in the hospital with full paralysis. At first, the cause of this epidemic of paralysis was a complete mystery. Symptoms much like Parkinson's disease. But this disease affects only the elderly. To solve the problem helped a pretty good idea of a doctor named William Langston. It is used for the treatment of paralysis of the drug the drug L-DOPA. Its use patients returned at least the ability to say again. Then it turned out that they were victims of poorly converted to heroin.
And such examples as much as you like!!! Most synthetic drugs of the new generation are stronger, stronger than their illegal counterparts. Unlike street drugs, legal drugs are sold "unsearchable", 99%-pure. So, methoxetamine psychoactive dose of 10 mg, while the old "good" ketamine вЂ” from 60 to 200 mg.because of this there are naive, but sometimes fatal mistakes. Similar problems arise with psychedelic drugs of the 2SR family, where only 2 mg of dose error make quiet joy a quiet horror. Some of these phenylethylamines last up to 18 hours.
The combination of two or more designer drugs with properties that have not been fully studied exacerbates the problem. And in order to make it more difficult for those who need to ban a particular drug by its chemical nomenclature name, new drugs are assigned strange names. Like it was with spice.