Desomorphine â€“ (permonid) â€” 7,8-dihydro-6-desoxymorphine one of the isomers of morphine, the opioid analgesic derived synthetically. Unlike the latter, he himicheskoi composed of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms more (Ð¡17H21NO2). For the first time it was obtained by searching for morphine substitutes by interaction of codeine with thionyl chloride and subsequent recovery of the resulting intermediate product.
Dezomorfin has many synonyms for nskom languages (Dihydrodeoxymorphine, Desomorfin, Desomorphin (- e,- um), Desoximorfina, Dezomorfina, Dihidrodesoximorfina, Dihydrodesoksymorfin, Dihydrodesoximorfin, Dihydrodesoxymorfin, Dihydrodesoxymorphin (- um), Dihydrodesoxymorphine-D, Escopermida, Permonid (- a), Scopermid, crocodile, borsch)
Desomorphine is not produced by the medical industry. It is obtained in artisanal conditions from codeine-containing medicines and household chemicals. Making desomorphine is not a complicated process and does not require chemical knowledge. The process of preparation of desomorphine takes one and a half to two hours. For making desomorphine necessary drugs containing codeine, gasoline, sulfuric acid, iodine, phosphorus, and household solvents. Gasoline, sulfuric acid and other solvents contain a large number of impurities (for example, gasoline impurities of heavy metals), the result is a "dirty", which means a particularly dangerous drug. For the manufacture of 1 dose of desomorphine need 10 tablets containing codeine, the average dose costs 300 rubles, which is much cheaper than heroin. This factor provides desomorphine tremendous propagation speed of he conquered 25% of popularity of all drugs, second only to heroin.
Consequences of use of desomorphine
Desomorphine can already after the first injections to cause strong dependence. For most addicts, desomorphine becomes the first and last drug in their lives. Addicts have a nickname for desomorphine is "Krokodil". The crocodile called it for the ability to cause deep tissue necrosis and inflammation of the veins, resulting in the skin becoming scaly and begins to cut off. The body of a drug addict who uses desomorphine is covered with ulcers in the injection sites.
Body, literally, is beginning to rot. When pressed on the skin of many sores leaking pus like a sponge. The first to suffer veins, so as batches of the drug crocodile introduced into initially here. Then, when the veins are already affected, injections are made intramuscularly - similarly damaged muscles. As the injection site most often are the muscles of the thighs immediately denied his feet. The limb dries quickly, becomes brown, covered with bleeding ulcers and all this ultimately leads to amputation. Desomorphine very quickly and greatly reduces the immune system of the addict, and that stuff, which is part of the desomorphine clog the interstices of the vessels, is carried by the blood and deposited in each organ. Against the background of reduced immunity, abscesses of internal organs begin to form, the body rotting not only outside but also inside. From the addict begins to come corpse-medicinal smell. Dependence on desomorphine develops after one or two injections, the average life of a drug addict who uses desomorphine, no more than 2 years.
Drug addicts who use desomorphine for 6 months (living corpses) are no longer treatable at all, doctors can only prolong life for a short time, and life can not be called. Constant breaking will force the addict to run away and find a dose. Irreversible changes in the body begin within one month after the use of desomorphine, but it is still possible to suspend them on condition of complete rejection of desomorphine. Death from an overdose of desomorphine is quite common. Even the most "avid" addict lives, on average, about five years on heroin. In the case of desomorphine, a person dies a year after the first dose. Since 2005, the hospitals have been receiving drug addicts for whom desomorphine was their first and last drug. The majority of drug addicts using dezomorfin die from multiorgan pathology (all organs of the addict are affected). Amputation of abusers, desomorphine quite common, they are forced to do the doctors trying to save the limb.From the history of Desomorphine:
In the late 90-ies of the 20th century in the United States, attempts were made to obtain new drugs based on morphine with a powerful analgesic effect that does not cause drug dependence. Changing the structure of the morphine molecule, scientists have received several pharmacologically active substances, one of the most promising was desomorphine. In animal studies, desomorphine showed a faster and stronger analgesic effect compared to morphine. But further clinical trials have revealed that the effect of the drug lasts only 2-4 hours, faster drug addiction. In this regard, desomorphine has not found practical application as an analgesic. The action of desomorphine is very fast, but short-term and is not accompanied by nausea.
The widespread use of desomorphine in recent years is largely determined by the contingent of its main consumers. With the decline in income and the increase in the number of unemployed in the economic crisis, because of the cheapness and availability of desomorphine becomes more attractive for particularly marginalized heroin addicts.
To date, the sale of over-the-counter codeine preparations is officially banned in many countries. Among the drugs that can now be bought only by prescription, popular among Russians " Nurofen+", "Pentalgin N", "Kaffetin", "kodelak"and " Solpadein". Also falls under the ban on free sale of "caution", which is codeine drug, but contains other potent substance - Ketorolac trometamin. Let's see if such a ban will close the crocodile's mouth