Mescaline is a psychedelic, hallucinogenic alkaloid from the phenylethylamine group. The systematic name of 2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine. The chemical formula of (C11H17NO3). In small amounts in cacti of the genus Lophophora (peyote or "peyote" in the language of Indians) and Trichocereus. It was widely used for religious ceremonies in ancient civilizations of Mesoamerica. Peyote was also used for medical purposes by Aztecs for the treatment of snake bites and various diseases. Currently synthesized chemically from Gallic acid and vanillin.
On effects mescaline is very similar to LSD and psilocybin, frustrating the usual work of the senses. However, mescaline is not as common on the black market as for example LSD. The reason is that with the same dosage of mescaline, 5000 times weaker than LSD.
Consequences of the use of Mescaline:
After about half an hour after swallowing the "buttons" of peyote see the first effects. A strange sense of intoxication and altered consciousness. Partial or total loss of vision can occur within two hours after taking. The sense of time and space is dull or absent. There are certain changes in perception, hallucinations with eyes open and closed. Objects may appear floating in the liquid, the subject may make movements resembling a bird in flight. The subject can be intimidated by himself, and the feeling of fear and danger is compounded by the painful perception of the color of the surrounding objects. Peak activity lasts about 4 hours, after which there is a decline of about 4 hours. People are in a drugged state after upotreblenija peyote ispytyvat change the thought process, euphoria, mystical experiences. Prietom they have the irrationality and confusion of the thinking process, confusion of action.
Side effects of mescaline use: Nausea, vomiting, headache, dyspeptic disorders, dizziness, diarrhea, pupil dilation, feeling of heat and cold, anxiety, tachycardia.
Exposure to overdose: longer and stronger effects, psychosis, possible death.
Signs of use of Mescaline:
Enlarged pupils, darkening of the field of vision or temporary loss of vision, increased body temperature (feeling of heat or hydrogen in the patient), high blood pressure, loss of sense of direction, distance and time, sweating, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tremor, headache, anxiety,dry mucous membranes, a variety of strange sensations.
From the history of Mescaline:
Indians of different tribes knew about hallucinogenic properties of some cacti since ancient times. Peyote was used by the Aztecs and some other Indian tribes who lived in Northern Mexico and the southwestern United States as part of traditional religious rituals.
November 23, 1897-mescaline was first obtained from peyote cactus by German chemist Arthur Heffter.
1919-Ernst Spaz first synthesized mescaline chemically.
1927-in Germany was published the first scientific work on the effects of mescaline " Der MeskalinrauschÂ»
1952 - Dr. Humphry Osmond begins working with hallucinogens at a hospital in "Saskatchewan" by studying the similarities between the mescaline molecule and a molecule of adrenaline.
1953-Aldous Huxley first tried mescaline at a dose of 400 mg and in 1954 published an essay "doors of perception" describing his experiment.
October 27, 1970-the law "on Comprehensive Prevention of Drug Abuse and Control Act"was Adopted. List I, II, III. This law places most of the known hallucinogens (LSD, psilocybin, psilocin, mescaline, peyote, hashish and MDA) in List I. Cocaine Bush, cocaine and intravenous methamphetamine in List II. Other amphetamines and stimulants, including non-intravenous methamphetamine, are listed in Schedule III.
1991-Alexander and Ann Shulgin published PiHKAL, a book documenting more than 250 psychoactive compounds, including MDMA, mescaline and many others.